- by Specialist Hospital
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- Jul 14 2017
What is Vomiting?
Nausea is a discomfort of the stomach that often comes before vomiting. Vomiting is the forceful voluntary or involuntary emptying ("throwing up") of stomach matter through the mouth.
What causes nausea or vomiting?
Nausea and vomiting are not illness, but they are symptoms of many conditions such as:
Motion seasickness or sickness
Early phase of pregnancy (nausea occurs in about fifty percent-ninety percent of all pregnancies; vomiting in twenty five percent- fifty five percent)
Emotional tension (such as fear)
Infections (such as the "stomach flu")
A reaction to specific smells or odors
Concussion or brain injury
Some forms of cancer
Bulimia or other psychological disorders
Gastroparesis or slow stomach emptying (a condition that can be seen in people with diabetes)
Intake of toxins or extreme amounts of alcohol
The causes of vomiting vary according to age.
Nausea and vomiting usually occur in those with infections varying from influenza to gastroenteritis.
A person with nausea has the feeling that vomiting may occur. Other indications that you are about to vomit include choking, retching, suffocating, involuntary stomach reflexes, the mouth filling with saliva (to safeguard the teeth from stomach acid), and the need to make a move or turn over.
Symptoms that arise with nausea and vomiting involve:
Treatment for nausea and vomiting relies on the underlying cause. Drinking small quantities of plain, soothing liquids such as fruit juices or soda (besides orange and grapefruit juices, because these are extremely corrosive) can also help. You should keep away solid food until the vomiting bout has passed.
Pregnant women experiencing morning sickness can eat some crackers before getting out of bed or eat a high protein snack before going to bed (lean meat or cheese).
Treatment for vomiting may involve plenty of fluids, a clear liquid diet to relax the stomach, and medications to control nausea. Extreme dehydration caused by vomiting may need treatment with intravenous fluids.
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