- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 06 2017
What is Varicose veins?
Veins are responsible for transporting used blood back to the lungs to release carbon dioxide. In addition to this, the walls for the veins are flexible and act as a storehouse for blood when the body is inactive and does not require all the blood for circulation.
When the veins enlarge, dilate and get overfilled with blood, this condition is called varicose veins.
What happens if you have varicose veins?
Your veins begin to swell up and appear more raised and prominent than usual. The condition is more prominent among women and is often quite painful.
Why does this happen?
This condition basically arises when veins are not functioning properly. The veins have valves, which prevent backward flow of blood and ensure flow is always towards the heart. Failure of these vales results in blood retention and collection, which makes them enlarge. Since veins work against gravity, the part worst affected is the legs because they are the farthest from the heart.
Causes and symptoms of Varicoses
There are few potential possible reasons behind varicose veins. Since it is more prominent among women, the primary reasons are menopause and pregnancy. It is a hereditary disease so the chances of you having it are higher if there is a family history of varicose veins. Obesity is another factor coupled with long hours of standing.
The symptoms are very visible usually in your legs. Swelling, bluish color of veins and aches around the enlarged veins are first signs. In severe cases people begin to bleed and develop ulcers too.
How do you prevent varicose veins?
Usually doctors opt for lifestyle changes and not intense medical treatment. This includes weight loss and exercise for better circulation.
If you are already suffering, try to keep your legs raised while sitting or sleeping. Special compression socks are available to reduce pain and improve your circulation to prevent new varicose veins from appearing.
If none of these help and the pain becomes unbearable then, you can consult a doctor to undergo surgery. Doctors recommend surgery when there is a severity of reflux when only perforators are involved with secondary skin changes.
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