- by Motherhood Hospital
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- Jan 04 2018
WHAT IS UTERINE POLYPS?- Dr. Sangeeta Gomes
Uterine polyps are growths that occur in the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus (the organ in which a foetus grows), formed by the overgrowth of endometrial tissue. Uterine polyps range in size from a few millimetres to several centimetres or larger.
Hormonal factors seem to have a role behind uterine polyps as these are estrogen-sensitive, making them grow in response to circulating estrogen. Uterine polyps is more likely to develop in women between the age of 40 and 50 years old than compared to younger women. Uterine polyps can also occur after menopause but rarely occur in women under 20 years old.
However some factors may put you at a greater risk of developing this condition:
- Being in the perimenopausal or postmenopausal stage
- High blood pressure problems – hypertension
- Certain medications
Most women show no symptoms of uterine polyps but some of the common signs and symptoms are:
- Irregular menstrual bleeding such as having frequent, unpredictable periods of variable length and heaviness
- Bleeding between menstrual periods
- Excessively heavy menstrual periods
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
Infertility and problems conceiving is one of the major complications associated with uterine polyps. It is not certain if removal of the polyps will allow you to conceive.
DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT
Uterine polyps can be diagnosed using the following techniques
- Transvaginal Ultrasound
- Endometrial Biopsy
Most uterine polyps are benign (non-cancerous). However, it is still important that a tissue sample from the polyp be sent for biopsy to rule out cancer.
Once the polyps has been identified, the doctor may suggest either of the following treatment options:
- Polyps can be removed surgically through a hysteroscopy.
- Small polyps may resolve on their own and do not need extensive treatment unless you suspect uterine cancer.
- Certain medications may lessen the symptoms of the polyps but this is a short term solution and the polyps may reoccur once you stop taking the medications.
It could happen that you may experience recurring uterine polyps that may require treatment more than once. Hysterectomy – removal of the uterus could be necessary if the polyps are found to contain cancerous cells.
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