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What is Spina Bifida?

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   0 min     


A defect by birth, Spina bifida is a condition where there is an incomplete closure of the backbone and spinal cord membranes. It is most commonly located on the lower back but rare cases occur in the middle or neck region.  This condition can be of 3 types:

  • Occulta

It has very mild signs that include hairy patch, dimple, dark spots or swelling.

  • Meningocele

Causes mild problems due to the fluid sac present in the gap

  • Myelomeningocele

This is the most severe form and causes issues with walking, bowel and bladder control, tethered spinal cord and latex allergy.

Risk Factors

Spina Bifida occurs due to a combination of genetics and environmental factors.

  • Lack of folate consumption during pregnancy
  • Anti-seizure medication
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
Tags:  Disabilities,

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