What is Shat Kriya or Shat Karma?
Dr Savita Kalgaonkar
Ramamurthy nagar, Bengaluru Sep 16, 2017
Shat Karma or Shat Kriya as they are regularly known, are six yogic purging procedures utilized by yoga specialists to help clean the physical body.
The body has an exceptional natural inclination towards homeostasis i.e. the body will dependably endeavor to mend itself and accomplish better health even when we don’t treat it properly. Cut yourself and the body will repair the injury. Eat harmful food and the body will, in any case, keep moving.
In yoga, we endeavor to shield ourselves from damage and try to prevent from hurting ourselves by excessively indulging in unhealthy foods. This is the act of ahimsa: keeping away from destructive or harming conduct either towards oneself or someone else.
In spite of all our best goals and endeavors our body infrequently needs some additional lift to achieve a condition of ideal wellbeing. With the increase of industrialization, urbanization and fiscally guided farming, the air we inhale, the available food, even the water we intake may not be as clean and pure as we would wish them to be. There is a lot of importance of Kriyas such as it help us to enable us to expel developed poisons from our system, with specific stress on the stomach and respiratory related systems.
Shat in Sanskrit means six, however, each of the six Shat kriyas may include various diverse purifying methods or practices.
We will now endeavor to inspect each of these types of kriyas in somewhat more detail:
6 Types of Kriyas to Ultimate Purification
A human body is made up of three doshas which are named as Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. These
three doshas, commonly called as “tridoshas” plays a vital role in maintaining the well-being of an individual.
1. Neti Kriya
Neti kriya has two segments named Jala neti and Sutra neti.
- Jala Neti: Jala neti includes the utilization of a lota or neti pot. The neti pot is full with warm salty water and this saline mixture of the pot is streamed into one nostril and made to stream out of the other nostril. This rinses the nasal paths of dust particles or pollutants and strengthens the mucous glands.
- Sutra Neti: Sutra neti is accomplished by letting a string entered in one of the nostrils and tenderly pushing that string through the nasal section and giving it a chance to come down to the back of the throat. At that point, the string is held between two fingers and drawn out of the mouth. The ends of the string can be connected together and the circle subsequently made is drawn through the nostrils a few times. This act greatly stimulates the mucous organs and furthermore cleans the tear channels which thus further clear the eyes.
2. Dhauti Kriya
Dhauti kriya is one of the Shat Kriya kala which can be divided into five unique practices: Kunjal kriya, danta dhauti, vastra dhauti, vatsara dhauti and agni sara all of which are best attempted on an empty stomach.
- Kunjal Kriya: Kunjal Kriya, otherwise called vaman dhauti, clears the upper digestive tract of excessive mucous. The person attempting it drinks a huge amount of warm salty water and after that vomits. The vomiting can either be actuated by strongly rubbing the back of the tongue or may happen on its own. The food one intakes after this training is necessary as the digestive tract lining coating should be rejuvenated. Generally, kedgeree (a blend of rice and moong dal) is consumed within the hour after attempting kunjal kriya.
- Danta dhauti: Danta dhauti just means cleansing the teeth. The gums are likewise massaged to fortify them and enhance the blood movement.
- Vastra Dhauti: Vastra dhauti is carried by gulping a long thin segment of cloth. The segment can be up to 3 meters in length and should be put in salt water first. This somewhat serious practice expels abundance mucous from the stomach tract.
- Vatsara dhauti: Vastara dhauti includes gulping air and burping which means that the digestive framework is fortified and excessive gas is evacuated.
- Agni Sara: Agni Sara is performed by breathing out while inclining forward and afterwards holding the breath while pumping the stomach. It improves digestion, reinforces the stomach area, and enhances overall energy levels.
3. Nauli Kriya
Nauli Kriya is a system whereby the stomach muscles are contracted in a particular way and moved in a way to rub the stomach related tract.
4. Basti Kriya
Basti Kriya is basically like an enema and is utilized to wash down the lower digestive tract. Water is taken into the lower digestive tract by means of the anus and after that removed. Generally, yogis followed this staying in a flowing river and utilizing a hollow reed to take in the water.
5. Kapalabhati Kriya
Kapalabhati Kriya is one of the types of Shatkarma kriyas that we considered as a Pranayama breathing procedure, yet it is additionally an essential kriya. The breath is ousted through the nose by a hard compression of the stomach muscles. At that point, the stomach area is at ease totally which consequently brings down the position of the stomach making a detached inhalation.
The stomach area is contracted and eased out in this way for further pumping. The air forcefully ousted expels dust particles from the respiratory tract and fortifies the lungs.
6. Tratak Kriya
Tratak Kriya purifies the eyes and is utilized as a way to deal with meditation. Sitting easily you gaze at the wick of a lit flame for a moment or something like that. At that point close the eyes and watch the afterimage left on the retina. Attempt to keep this picture of the flame firm by keeping the eyes exceptionally relaxed.
The light fire ought to be at eye level and about a safe distance far from the eyes. Once the after picture fades the eyes can be secured with the hands and the picture might be rediscovered. Again this practice is repeated. This basic exercise influences the psyche on many levels and is great for enhancing focusing, relieving sleep issues, and calming the mind, which is the actual definition Patanjali provided for yoga.
Basically, there are two types of Tratak Kriyas that includes Jatra Kriya and Jyoti Kriya. Whenever you are performing these kriyas, make sure that you keep your eyes relaxed as this would lead to secretion of tear glands. This secretion of tears further purifies your visual system.
What are the Benefits of Kriyas?
A preparation of Shat Kriyas is to make the body clean and fit. Well, our body is a type of tool and it is important for us to identify how everything inside it is connected. If we clean this tool, it becomes more sensitive and keeps on running without any difficulty. There are a number of Shat Kriya benefits such as Physical benefits, emotional and mental benefits, and spiritual benefits. Besides, practising Shat Kriyas in Yoga helps in unblocking the energies in the body.
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