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What is Scurvy and its causes?

Maharani Devi Medical Centre

Maharani Devi Medical Centre

  , Bengaluru     Feb 24, 2018

   0 min     

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It is a disease which is caused by the deficiency of Vitamin C or ascorbic acid. Vitamin C is needed for making collagen, an important component in connective tissues. Connective tissues are essential for structure and support in the body, including the structure of blood vessels. Vitamin C is also needed for synthesizing dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and carnitine needed for energy production.

Symptoms

Symptoms of Vitamin C deficiency are visible after 8 to 12 weeks.

Early signs are:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Lethargy

After 1 to 3 months, signs are:

  • Anaemia
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Small red spots
  • Corkscrew hairs
  • Gum disease and loss of teeth
  • Poor wound healing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Mood changes
  • Depression

After more time, the person will show signs of generalized edema, severe jaundice, destruction of blood cells, sudden and spontaneous bleeding, neuropathy, and convulsions.

Diagnosis

  • Physical exam
  • Blood test
  • Imaging tests to look after damage resulting from scurvy.

Treatment

Administering vitamin C supplements by mouth or by injection. Within 24 hours patient can see an improvement in fatigue, lethargy, pain, anorexia, and confusion.

Tags:  Vitamins,vitamin deficiency ,

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