- by Dr Jaya Sharma
- 5 Shares
- Jan 02 2018
WHAT IS ROSACEA?
Rosacea is a common skin condition, causing redness, visible blood vessels and small red pustules on your face. Although it may seem like acne, they are distinct. Acne occurs in teenagers who outgrow it eventually but rosacea generally occurs in middle aged people and there is no going back from it.
If left untreated, rosacea can gradually worsen with age. However, it has a variable course and cannot be predicted in everyone.
The reason behind rosacea is not known but is generally believed to be occurring due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. It is not because of poor hygiene or not keeping your face clean.
Although the cause of rosacea remains unclear, there could be a number of factors that trigger or aggravate the blood flow to the surface of the skin. Some of these factors are:
- Hot Drinks
- Spicy Foods
- Temperature extremes
- Sunlight or wind
- Stressful emotions
- Cosmetics/ Make-up
- Drugs that dilate blood vessels, like some blood pressure medications
The typical signs and symptoms of rosacea are:
- Facial redness (Erythema)
- Red bumps and pustules
- Small cysts
- Thickening of the facial tissue, around the nose (enlarged nose)
There is no particular test to determine rosacea. A physical examination, analysing skin conditions and a past history is enough to establish the presence of rosacea.
There is no cure for rosacea. Treatment is centred on managing signs and symptoms. A combination of skincare and prescription medications are the usual line of treatment. The duration of the treatment will depend on the type and severity of your symptoms with several episodes of recurrence.
You can take several steps to control the triggers – applying sunscreen and protecting your face from the sun, using a gentle moisturiser and cleanser and avoiding other factors that flare up rosacea. Similarly, wearing good quality makeup that suits your skin can be used to conceal the redness.
Although not life threatening, rosacea can be distressing and make you conscious about your appearance. However it is not a disease but a skin condition that can be easily managed.