What is Psoriatic Arthritis?
Dr Jaya Sharma
Hrbr layout, Bengaluru Dec 24, 2018
We all know what psoriasis is. It is an autoimmune disease that triggers thick reddish patchy skin which causes utter discomfort. The scaly appearance of this condition is because of the quickly replicating skin cells that buildups. It can occur anywhere in the body like your knees, palms, elbows, feet, back, chest, and face or scalp. A little less than half the people who have psoriasis can develop a condition known as psoriatic arthritis.
Psoriatic arthritis is a kind of arthritis that affects a few people who have psoriasis. It is characterized by joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. It can also change other parts of the body like the fingertips and spine.
Types of Psoriatic Arthritis
There are five types of psoriatic arthritis:
- Symmetric psoriatic arthritis
- This is the most common type which affects the joints on both the sides of the body.
- Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis
- After symmetric psoriatic arthritis, they are the most prevalent ones. It is characterized by swelling and pain on either of the joint.
- Distal psoriatic arthritis
- It is characterized by stiffness and inflammation of the fingers and toes.
- It is characterized by pain and stiffness in the neck and spine.
- Arthritis mutilans
- This is a sporadic condition but affects severely in very few people. It may even cause permanent deformities in the small joints of the fingers and toes.
What are the symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis?
The typical symptoms of psoriatic arthritis are as follows:
- Pain and swelling in the body parts such as hands, elbows, shoulders, wrists, knees, ankles, feet, and spine.
- The stiffness of the spine
- Inflammation in the eyes
- Morning stiffness
- Fatigue and tiredness
What triggers Psoriatic Arthritis?
Specific factors trigger psoriatic arthritis; few of them are as follows:
- The Drugs like anti-malarial, lithium, beta-blockers, etc.
- Hormone changes
- Skin injury and lesion
- Bacterial infections like streptococcal infections
- Unhealthy lifestyle
- Smoking and alcohol
Can psoriatic arthritis be treated?
Well, there is no cure for psoriatic arthritis, but studies suggest that with the use of biologic agents and following a healthy lifestyle there is a possibility of a positive result.