- by Dr. Sanjay Kaul
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- May 24 2017
What is Periodontology?
The study of specialized system of hard and soft tissues that supports your teeth and preserves their positions in the jaw is called Periodontology. This system, known as the periodontium, has some very crucial functions: it behaves as a shock absorber during chewing and biting and therefore helps to check damage to the teeth from exorbitant forces; it firmly fixes the teeth to the jaws; and it keeps the teeth in a secure position within the jaws so that that they work together comfortably and efficiently during chewing.
The periodontium is made up of many element compositions that work together. The bony pouch in the lower and upper or jawbone in which the tooth is positioned is called the tooth socket. The sustaining roots/root of the teeth, which are not usually noticeable in a healthy mouth, below the gums, expand down into the tooth socket and are coated by a layer of cementum. Extending between the bony socket and the root cementum is a complicated grouping of minute fibres, known as the periodontal ligament, which holds the tooth in place just like a sling. Because the distinct parts of the periodontium are made from living tissues, they are able to adjust to changes in our mouths with time, making the tiny modifications in thickness and shape and that keep the position of the teeth firm.
Importance of periodontology
The mouth can be seen as a mirror of the general condition of your body, in several ways. In specific, our periodontal stature can often tell us more than simply what is happening locally in our gums. Although periodontitis is always provoked by collection of plaque on the teeth, diseases influencing the rest of the body, known as systemic diseases, can diminish the sustaining structures of the teeth.
Before they are noticeable in any other part of the body, some significant diseases are known to exhibit themselves in the mouth. Therefore, it is occasionally the case that an up-skilled periodontist is the first person to diagnose the signs of a general disease, such as blood disorders or diabetes, when inspecting a patient’s mouth. Because of this connection with general health and coincide with other medical regimes, periodontology can rightly be considered as a ‘holistic’ form of dentistry.
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