- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 09 2017
What is Periodontitis?
It is defined as a gum infection that damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that supports your teeth. It usually results from poor oral hygiene.
It is caused by plaque, a sticky film composed mainly of bacteria.
- Swollen or puffy gums
- Bright red gums
- Gums that feel tender when touched
- Gums that bleed easily
- New spaces developing between teeth
- Pus between your teeth and gums
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Painful chewing
Types of periodontitis
Chronic Periodontitis: It is caused by plaque buildup and mostly it affects adults. It involves slow deterioration that may improve and get worse over time.
Aggressive Periodontitis: It usually begins in childhood and it tends to affect families and causes rapid progression of bone and tooth loss if untreated.
Necrotizing Periodontal Disease: It is characterized by the death of gum tissue, tooth ligaments and supporting bone caused by lack of blood supply, resulting in severe infection.
- The doctor will review your medical history to identify any factors that could be contributing to symptoms.
- The doctor will examine your mouth to look for plaque and tartar buildup.
- X-rays are done to check for bone loss in areas where doctor observes deeper pocket depths.
Scaling: It removes tartar and bacteria9 from tooth surfaces and beneath gums.
Root planning: It smoothed the root surfaces, discouraging further build-up of tartar and bacteria, and removes bacterial by-products that contribute to inflammation and delay healing.
Antibiotics: Topical or oral antibiotics can help control bacterial infection. It includes mouth rinses or insertion of gels containing antibiotics in the space between teeth and gums.
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