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What is Periodontitis

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   1 min     

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It is defined as a gum infection that damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that supports your teeth. It usually results from poor oral hygiene.

Causes

It is caused by plaque, a sticky film composed mainly of bacteria.

Symptoms

  • Swollen or puffy gums
  • Bright red gums
  • Gums that feel tender when touched
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • New spaces developing between teeth
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Painful chewing

Types of periodontitis

Chronic Periodontitis: It is caused by plaque buildup and mostly it affects adults. It involves slow deterioration that may improve and get worse over time.

Aggressive Periodontitis: It usually begins in childhood and it tends to affect families and causes rapid progression of bone and tooth loss if untreated.

Necrotizing Periodontal Disease: It is characterized by the death of gum tissue, tooth ligaments and supporting bone caused by lack of blood supply, resulting in severe infection.

Diagnosis

  • The doctor will review your medical history to identify any factors that could be contributing to symptoms.
  • The doctor will examine your mouth to look for plaque and tartar buildup.
  • X-rays are done to check for bone loss in areas where doctor observes deeper pocket depths.

Treatment

Scaling: It removes tartar and bacteria9 from tooth surfaces and beneath gums.

Root planning: It smoothed the root surfaces, discouraging further build-up of tartar and bacteria, and removes bacterial by-products that contribute to inflammation and delay healing.

Antibiotics: Topical or oral antibiotics can help control bacterial infection. It includes mouth rinses or insertion of gels containing antibiotics in the space between teeth and gums.

Tags:  Dental treatments,

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