What is Parkinson's?
Kalyan nagar, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
The disease whose cause is unknown but effects are alarming. Parkinson’s is a chronic, degenerative movement disorder with a cure yet to be discovered. This means that the symptoms continue to worse with time.
What happens when one suffers from Parkinson’s?
The hands, legs, face etc. begin to experience tremors that increase in intensity and frequency over time. Movements begin to slow down and limbs start to stiffen.
Parkinson’s begins to cause postural changes that impair coordination and balance of the individual.
Why does this happen?
Although the cause is unknown, Parkinson’s is responsible for the malfunctioning and death of nerves in the brain that are responsible for vital body actions. These neurons produce a substance called dopamine, which is responsible for sending messages to the brain to control movement and coordination.
As the disease progresses, the number of neurons decrease as more and more start dying which, reduces dopamine production thus depriving the person of body movements and coordination.
What are the symptoms of Parkinson’s syndrome?
Over 10 million across the world suffer from Parkinson’s and in most cases affect people above the age of 50. You will notice tremors that usually begin with the hand or fingers when they are relaxed. Your movements like walking or getting up will become visibly slow and performing activities begin to get more time consuming and hard.
Speech problems begin, as you will start slurring and voice become soft and hesitant. Writing becomes a tedious task because of lack of coordination and hands shaking.
You begin to have balancing issues and posture is more stooped. Also, involuntary actions like blinking decrease because of inability.
Although presently there is no cure, there is medication and treatments available to manage the symptoms. The medicines prescribed help in increasing dopamine levels for better balance and coordination.
Physiotherapy and aerobics sessions are recommended to focus on balance and stretching to keep the body active and under control.
As the stages advance, surgeries are recommended to control the symptoms.