- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 09 2017
What is Narcissistic Personality Disorder?
Individuals with Narcissistic Personality disorder are the ones that exhibit a lack of ability to empathize with others and have an inflated sense of self-importance. It could be confused with having high self-esteem or confidence. It is more prevalent in men than women.
The reason behind narcissistic personality disorder is not clear and just like all other mental health disorders, it is quite complex to break down the disorder.
Narcissistic personality disorder could be a result of any of the following conditions:
- Environment: Excessive adoration or criticism in parent-child relationships. Role models who exhibit similar behaviour.
- Genetics: Inherited from parents.
- Neurobiology: The link between the brain, behavior and thinking.
Therapists will look out for some of the following traits to determine whether a person has Narcissistic personality disorder:
- Exaggerated sense of self-worth or importance
- Being preoccupied with fantasies of success, power, beauty, intelligence or ideal romance
- Requires constant attention and admiration from others
- Takes advantage of others to reach his or her own goals
- Disregards the feelings of others and lacks empathy
- Is often envious of others or believes other people are envious of him or her
- Being arrogant or haughty
- Sense of entitlement
- Exaggerates achievements and talents
- Feel insecure and become easily angry
The narcissistic personality disorder can cause certain impediments in your life such as:
- Relationship issues
- Problems at work or school
- Depression and anxiety
- Physical health problems
- Drug or alcohol misuse
- Suicidal thoughts or behavior
- Poor interpersonal skills
- Anger issues or feeling of harming others
Diagnosing a personality disorder is complicated as it often embodies symptoms of other mental health disorders.
However, the diagnosis is typically based on:
- Signs and symptoms
- A thorough psychological evaluation that may include filling out questionnaires
Treatment could be challenging as the person may not be willing to admit that he or she has a problem. Individual or group psychotherapy may be helpful and effective ways to treat narcissistic personality disorder. There are no medications to treat this disorder. However, people who suffer from this may develop anxiety and depression that could require medications. Therapy is generally short term so unless the person is willing to positively change his or her personality, the effects of therapy will not go a long way.
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