- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 09 2017
What is Myotonia Congenital?
Myotonia congenita is an inherited congenital condition prevalent in the northern region of Scandinavia. It affects the muscle contraction or relaxation.
The symptoms may include:
- Frequent falls
- Stiff movements
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Shortness of breath
- Tightening of the chest at the beginning of an exercise
- Difficulty opening eyes after forcing them closed or crying
Mutation or genetic change is the main cause of myotonia congenital. The genes are inherited from either one or both parents to their children.
- Genetic testing
- Muscle biopsy
- Electromyography (EMG, a test of the electrical activity of the muscles)
- Swallowing difficulties causing tremendous weight-loss
- Chronic joint problems
- Weakness of the abdominal muscles
- Aspiration pneumonia
- Frequent choking, gagging, or trouble swallowing in an infant
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