- by Specialist Hospital
- 0 Shares
- Dec 20 2017
What is Mononucleosis?
It is often called the kissing disease. The virus that causes mono is transmitted through saliva, so you can get it through kissing, but you can also be exposed through a cough or sneeze, or by sharing a glass or food utensils with someone who has mono. It is not contagious in nature. It typically occurs in teenagers, but you can get it at any age.
It is commonly caused by Epstein-Barr virus, but other viruses can also cause this disease. It is not the very serious disease, most adults have been exposed to the virus and have built up antibodies. They are immune and won’t get mononucleosis again. The virus is spread through direct contact with saliva from the mouth of an infected person or other bodily fluids such as blood. It is also spread through sexual contact and organ transplantation.
- It may cause enlargement of the spleen. In extreme cases, your spleen may rupture, causing sharp, sudden pain in the left side of your upper abdomen.
- It may lead to liver problems.
- It can cause a decrease in red blood cells, low count of platelets.
- It may cause an inflammation of the heart muscle.
- It may cause swollen tonsils.
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes in neck and armpits
- Swollen tonsils
- Skin rash
- Soft, swollen spleen
- Night Sweats
- The virus has an incubation period of approximately four to six weeks, although in young children this period may be shorter.
- Physical examination is done. The doctor will look for signs and symptoms and how long they last.
- The antibody test is done, to check blood for antibodies to the Epstein-Barr virus.
- Blood test to look for an elevated number of white blood cells or abnormal-looking lymphocytes.
There is no specific therapy available to treat infectious mononucleosis. Treatment mainly involves bed rest, good nutrition and drinking plenty of fluids. Medicines are prescribed to treat secondary infections such as streptococcal infection and sinus infection.
Note We at Medikoe provide you with the best healthcare articles written and endorsed by experts of the healthcare industry to boost you knowledge. However, we strongly recommend that users consult a doctor or concerned service provider for expert diagnosis before acting on this information.