- by Dr Azeemulla H R
- 0 Shares
- Feb 07 2018
What is Leptospirosis?
It is a bacterial disease that affects humans and animals. It spreads through the urine of infected animals, which can get into water or soil and can survive there for weeks to months. The animals which can carry the bacterium include,
- Wild animals
These animals may don’t show any symptoms after being infected and they may continue to excrete the bacteria into the environment continuously or every once in a while for a few months up to several years.
Humans can become infected through contact with urine from infected animals or contact with water, soil, or food contaminated with the urine of infected animals. The bacteria can enter the body through the skin or mucous membranes.
It is caused by a spiral-shaped bacterium called a spirochete, Leptospira interrogans.
- High fever
- A headache
- Muscle aches
- Red eyes
- Abdominal pain
Leptospirosis may occur in two phases:
- After the first phase (with fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, vomiting or diarrhea) the patient may recover for a time but become ill again.
- If a second phase occurs, it is more severe, the person may have kidney or liver failure or meningitis.
Diagnosis is based on patient’s history and physical exam. Some test include,
- Serological tests
It can be treated with antibiotics.
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