- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 09 2017
What is Gum Tissue Graft?
A gum graft is necessary to protect teeth from the damaging effects of gum recession. Gum recession is the process in which the tissue that surrounds the teeth pulls away from a tooth, exposing more of the tooth or the tooth’s root. There are three different types of gum tissue grafts:
Connective-tissue Grafts: It is the most common method which is used to treat root exposure. In this procedure, a flap of skin is cut at the roof of mouth and tissue from under the flap, called sub-epithelial connective tissue, is removed and then stitched to the gum tissue surrounding the exposed root.
Free Gingival Grafts: It involves the use of tissue from the roof of the mouth. The tissue is directly removed from the roof of the mouth and then attached to the gum area being treated. It is used mostly in people who have thin gums and need an additional tissue to enlarge the gums.
Pedicle Grafts: In this procedure, the tissue is grafted from gum around or near the tooth needing repair. The flap is called a pedicle and is only partially cut away so that one edge remains attached. The gum is then pulled over or down to cover the exposed root and sewn into place. This procedure can only be done in people who have plenty of gum tissue near the tooth.