- by Specialist Hospital
- 2 Shares
- Jan 04 2018
What is Gout?
Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis that grows in some people whose blood has high levels of uric acid. There can be sudden and severe episodes of pain, swelling, warmth, redness and tenderness due to the acid that forms very minute crystals (needle like) in a joint.
Stages of Gout
There are many stages of gout:
Asymptomatic hyperuricemia is the period before to the first gout attack. During this stage the levels of the uric acid in the blood are high and there is formation of crystals in the joint and there are no symptoms.
Acute gout, or a gout attack, occurs when the level of the uric acid in the blood is spiked or jostled, by any triggering factors, something like a night of drinking.
The developing inflammation and pain generally strike at night and increases over the next eight to twelve hours. The symptoms re usually relieved after a few days and probably go away in a 7 to 10 days. A second attack is never experienced by most individuals, but approximately 60% of individuals who experience a gout attack will have a 2nd one within a year. On the whole, 84% may have second attack within 3 years.
If left untreated then over a period of time it can harm your tendons, other tissues or joints. Gout is common in men.
Causes of Gout:
Too much uric acid in the blood causes Gout. Many a times if the levels of uric acid are high in blood it is not that harmful. Most individuals who have high levels of uric acid in blood do not suffer from gout. But there may be formation of hard crystals of uric acid in the joints when the level of uric acid in the blood is very high.
Also chances of gout are much higher in people who consume too much fish and meat, are obese or if the intake of alcohol is too high as all these highly contain chemicals called purines. Some kind of medications like water tablets (diuretics) may also cause gout.
Symptoms of Gout:
The most common sign of gout is a nighttime attack of swelling, tenderness, redness, and sharp pain in your big toe. You can also get gout attacks in your foot, ankle, or knees, or other joints. The attacks can last a few days or many weeks before the pain goes away. Another attack may not happen for months or years.
The most widely recognized indication of gout is an attack during the night time with tenderness, swelling, redness, and sharp agony in your huge toe. You can likewise get gout assaults in your foot, lower leg, or knees, or different joints. The pain can last for a couple of days to numerous weeks before it goes away. Another attack may not occur for quite a long time or years.
One should visit the doctor even if he no longer experiences the gout pain, as the joints may still be harmed by the growth of uric acid in the blood, that led to the gout attack.
Diagnosis of Gout:
Your physician will have a few questions to ask and take up a physical examination. A sample of fluid is taken by your doctor from the affected joint to inspect uric acid crystals, which is the perfect way to test gout. A blood sample may also be taken to determine the amount of uric acid in the blood.
Treatment for Gout:
Your doctor will prescribe you medications or give you corticosteroids accordingly to stop the gout attack.
As your symptoms go away the dose of the medication is also lowered. If the treatment is started immediately, the patient experiences a relief within a day’s time.
Rest the joint that hurts, to get relief from the pain during the gout attack. Taking an anti-inflammatory medication will also help you feel much better. Do not take asprin, as it will raise the levels of uric acid in the blood and worsen the gout.
Your diet plays an important role and helps you manage gout, so pay attention to what you eat. To manage your weight and get the required nutrients, eat a modest amount of healthy food. Keep yourself well hydrated with lot of water and various other fluids. Check your everyday intake of seafood, alcohol (especially beer) and meat.
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