- by Maharani Devi Medical Center
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- May 05 2018
What is Enteric Fever?
It is also called as Typhoid Fever and it is caused by Salmonella enterica, subspecies enterica serovar Typhi and to a lesser extent it is caused by serovars paratyphi A, B, and C. It is contracted by drinking or eating the bacteria in contaminated food or water. The bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage. It lives in the intestines and bloodstream of humans.
Its incubation period is usually 1-2 weeks and the duration of the illness is about 3-4 weeks.
- Poor appetite
- Aches and pains
- High fever
- Chest congestion
- Abdominal pain
Blood, stool, urine, or bone marrow sample are taken to detect S. typhi.
- It is treated with antibiotics. There is usually improvement within one to two days and recovery within seven to 10 days. The choice of antibiotics is guided by identifying the geographic region where the infection was contracted.
- Two typhoid vaccines are currently recommended for use by:
- An injectable polysaccharide vaccine based on the purified Vi antigen for persons aged two years and above.
- A live attenuated oral Ty21a vaccine in the capsule formulation for those over five years of age.
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