- by Bangalore Baptist Hospital
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- Nov 09 2017
WHAT IS DUMPING SYNDROME?
It occurs when food moves too quickly from stomach into the first part of small intestine (duodenum) after eating. It is the condition that develop after surgery to remove all or part of stomach or after any stomach surgery. It is also called as rapid gastric emptying.
There are two types of dumping syndrome based on the symptoms.
Early dumping syndrome: This occurs 10-30 minutes after eating. About 75% people suffer with this type of syndrome.
Late dumping syndrome: This occurs 1-3 hours after eating. About 25% people suffer with this type of syndrome.
Early dumping syndrome happens when the sudden influx of food into intestine causes a lot of fluid to move from bloodstream into intestine as well. This extra fluid causes diarrhea and bloating and leads to fast heart rate and dizziness.
Late dumping syndrome happens because of an increase in starches and sugars in intestines. At first, the extra sugar causes blood sugar level to rise and then pancreas releases the hormone insulin causes blood sugar to drop too low. Low blood sugar is called hypoglycemia.
Surgery such as, Gastrectomy, Gastric bypass and Esophagectomy can cause dumping syndrome.
Early symptoms of dumping syndrome include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, and diarrhea. Other early symptoms include, bloating or feeling uncomfortably full, flushing of the face, sweating, dizziness and fast heart rate.
Late symptoms include, dizziness, weakness, sweating, hunger and fast heart rate.
Doctor will ask for medical history, particularly if you had stomach surgery. Blood sugar test and gastric emptying test is done to check for dumping syndrome.
By making a few changes in diet it is possible to get relieve from symptoms of dumping syndrome:
- Eat five to six smaller meals throughout the day instead of big meals.
- Avoid sugary foods like soda, candy, and baked goods.
- Eat more protein foods like chicken, fish, peanut butter, and tofu.
- Take more fibre in diet.
- Do not drink fluids within 30 minutes before or after meals.
- Chew food completely before swallowing it.
- Reclining after eating may help prevent light-headedness.
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