- by Dr H Janhavi
- 0 Shares
- Jan 22 2018
What is Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)?
Due to leakage of blood vessels, fluid accumulates in the part of the retina called macula which is responsible of the ability of detailed vision. But, Diabetic Macular Edema develops only among those who have Diabetic Retinopathy condition which causes blood vessel damage. Due to the blood vessel damage, vision impairment occurs and if left untreated, the building pressure in the eye results in fluid leakage causing DME.
This conditions can be of two types
- Focal DME: which occurs due to blood vessel abnormalities
- Diffuse DME: which occurs due to thin blood vessels and swelling of retinal capillaries
Common factors and symptoms associated with DME
- Prolonged diabetes
- Fluid retention
- Low protein
- High fat levels
- Blurry vision
- Double vision
Treatment and prevention
The treatment procedures used are focal laser and grid laser depending on the type of DME. The treatment aims at sealing the leakages and heals the swelling around the macula.
Sometimes these diseases are inevitable but you can maintain a healthy lifestyle to avoid them and if you are diabetic taking precautions accordingly to ensure you don’t develop these eye conditions.
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