- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Jan 30 2018
What is Capgras Syndrome?
It is a psychological condition and it is also known as “imposter syndrome” or “Capgras delusion”. This syndrome makes someone believe that one person has been replaced by another one or gets double. It is generally classified as a brain injury or damage. The disease can take some time to come into effect, but it can also be very fast as well. It is named after capgras, a French psychiatrist who, with a colleague, first described the disorder in 1923.
Symptoms can be perplexing and frustrating for both the person affected and those around them. The most obvious symptom of a capgras syndrome is when starts to believe that a person close to them is either a double or has been replaced by someone else. The person will appear anxious or afraid.
The exact is not known, but it is said that it results from a brain injury involving lesions on the brain. It could also be caused by condition between the visual part of the brain and the area that processes facial familiarity. Some other conditions such as dementia or Alzheimer’s may be the cause. Schizophrenia and epilepsy are also believed to be potential causes or co-occurring conditions. In 2015 study there was a case that was related to hypothyroidism or an underactive thyroid gland, so hormonal imbalances may also be the factor.
Currently, there is no standard treatment for people affected by Capgras syndrome. In some cases, treating the underlying condition can reduce or cure someone’s symptoms.
Treatments for this condition may include:
- Memory and recognition medications
In some cases, validation therapy may be useful. Some general tips for caring for someone with Capgras syndrome include:
- Being patient and sympathizing, as Capgras syndrome can cause real fear and anxiety.
- Positive emotional atmosphere and environment are also very important for the patient to recover slowly.
- Don’t argue with them or try to correct them.
- Acknowledge their feelings.
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