- by Medikoe Health Expert
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- Feb 09 2017
What is bone cancer?
Cancer is nothing but the uncontrolled proliferation of cells. The unmanageable cancer cells can also migrate and settle at different body parts and transform the healthy cells or benign tumors to malignant ones.
When it comes to bone cancer, it is described as a malignant tumor in/of the bone that destroys healthy bone tissue.
Stages of bone cancer
It depends on how advanced it is and they are:
Stage 1: When cancer has not spread elsewhere and is not aggressive.
Stage 2: When cancer has not spread elsewhere but unlike stage 1 it is aggressive.
Stage 3: Tumors is found in at least two places in the bone.
Stage 4: When cancer has spread to various body parts.
Causes of bone cancer
A number of factors like environmental factors, physical, chemical or hereditary are likely involved in the development of bone cancers. Few of them are:
- Stress (physical, chemical, biological and emotional).
- Low immune syndrome.
- Genetic factors.
- Viral infections.
- Drug resistance.
- Pesticides, heavy metals in food.
Symptoms of bone cancer
The symptoms are as follows:
- Lump in the affected area.
- Unusual swelling in and around the affected area.
- Sudden bruises on the body.
- Frequent bone fractures.
- weakened bones that resulting in a significantly higher risk of fracture
- Weight loss.
- Fever, chills, and night sweats.
The diagnostic tests are:
- Bone scan
- CT scan
- Bone biopsy
- MRI scan
- positron emission tomography (PET)
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