What is Binge-eating disorder?
Dt Silky Mahajan
Jp nagar, Bengaluru Feb 10, 2018
It is commonly known by compulsive overeating or consuming abnormal amounts of food while feeling unable to stop and a loss of control. It is a serious eating disorder in which you frequently consume unusually large amounts of food and feel unable to stop eating. Though BED can occur in men and women of normal weight, it often leads to the development of unwanted weight gain or obesity, which can indirectly reinforce further compulsive eating. It affects about 2% of men and 3.5% of women, with most developing the affliction during their teens or early adulthood.
There is no one specific cause for binge eating disorder. Rather it is the result of a complex group of genetic, psychological, and environmental contributing factors. Obese people are more at risk of binge eating disorder compared to those who are not obese. There can be a genetic component to binge eating disorder, and as with other eating disorders, there are often found to be abnormal levels of brains serotonin and often subtle changes in brain functioning.
People with binge eating disorder may feel trouble in handling their emotions or feel out of control in other ways. The disorder often goes hand in hand with depression.
- Eat more food than other people do in the same situation.
- Feel like you cannot control how much you eat.
- Feel upset after you binge.
- Have an eating binge at least once a week for 3 months, on average.
- Eat much more quickly than normal.
- Eat enough to be uncomfortably full.
- Even when you are not hungry you eat a lot.
- Eat alone so no one will see how much food you are having.
- Feel guilty, disgusted, or depressed about your eating.
People with binge eating disorder can get other problems related to gaining weight or unhealthy eating, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart disease. A person may have trouble sleeping, muscle and joint pain, and digestive problems. Women may have irregular or infrequent menstrual periods.
Doctors will ask several questions about daily eating habits as, how fast you eat? Do you keep eating after you are uncomfortably full? Etc.
Medications are prescribed to suppress the desire to binge eat. The person also needs the help of a specialist, such as a psychiatrist or a psychologist. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is considered by many experts to be the gold-standard approach to treating and managing eating disorders because of how it addresses underlying thought patterns and beliefs that drive compulsive behaviours, shame and anxiety. The therapist may suggest to include family in counselling so they can learn about the disorder, spot sources of stress at home, and know how to support you.