What is Anemia?
Medikoe Health Expert
Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru Feb 13, 2017
Anemia is a medical condition that develops because RBC count falls below the normal level. Red blood cells or hemoglobin is responsible for transportation of oxygen throughout the bod and the red pigmentation of blood.
When does someone become anemic?
For men: hemoglobin level less than 13.5g/100ml
For women: hemoglobin level less than 12g/100ml
The procedure to check if you’re anemic is simple. A test called CBC- complete blood cells count is conducted
Anemia could be of different types:
Due to deficiency of iron
Destruction of RBCs
Sickle cell anemia
What are the symptoms of anemia?
Sometimes patients have no symptoms but usually there are a few symptoms observed
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Short breaths and heart problems.
- Sickle cell anemia is however a genetic condition that develops due to genetic disorder, which changes the shape of the RBCs to resemble that of a sickle. This makes it difficult for passage of oxygen.
How is anemia treated?
The treatment is based completely on the type and cause of anemia. First, the cause for the condition is identified through tests and then treated.
- For iron deficiency, supplements are given to boost the levels
- B12 injections are given for vitamin deficiency
- If the count is reducing due to internal bleeding, the cause is identified and fixed to prevent further loss.
Taking these measures can improve the hemoglobin levels and in some cases cure anemia while in others if not curable can make a significant improvement in their condition.