- by Dr Azeemulla H R Neha Veterinary Clinic
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- Feb 15 2018
What happens when a dog gets Lyme disease?
It is also called as Lyme borreliosis, is a bacterial illness that can be transmitted to humans, dogs, and other animals by certain species of ticks. It is caused by the spiral-shaped bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi that is carried inside the tick and then gets into the dog’s or person’s bloodstream through a tick bite.
Once in the bloodstream, the bacteria can travel to different parts of the body and cause problems in specific organs or locations, such as joints, as well as overall illness.
The ticks that carry Lyme disease are especially likely to be found in tall grasses, thick brush, marshes, and woods, waiting to grab onto your dog when he passes by. A tick can transmit the disease once it has been attached to the dog for 24 to 48 hours.
The areas of highest occurrence are the Northeast, the upper Midwest, and the Pacific coast. The primary carrier of Lyme disease is the blacklegged tick, also called the “bear tick”. The tick acquires the Lyme disease bacterium when it feeds on an animal that has been infected, such as a mouse, deer, or other mammal, and then it transmits the bacterium to the nest animal it feeds on.
- Loss of appetite
- Reduced energy
- Generalized stiffness, discomfort, or pain
- Swelling of joints
- Blood test
- PCR test
- Administration of an antibiotic, usually for several weeks. In some cases infection will persist and prolonged medication may be needed.
- It cannot be transmitted from one pet to another, nor from pets to humans, except through tick bites.
- Prevention of Lyme disease involves the use of vaccination and tick control programs.
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