- by Dr Md Shiyad K K
- 0 Shares
- Dec 02 2017
What can you do to keep FIV infected cats Healthy?
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a contagious disease that can potentially be spread from one cat to another. It attacks the immune system, leaving the cat vulnerable to many other infections. FIV-infected cats are found worldwide, but the prevalence of infection varies greatly. In the US approximately 1.5 to 3 percent of healthy cats are infected with FIV.
Although cat infected with FIV may appear normal for years but they are suffering from immune deficiency, which can cause severe illness. The median time for a cat diagnosed with FIV is approximately five years. The primary mode of transmission for FIV is through bite wounds. Rarely infection is transmitted from a mother cat to her kittens, usually during passage through a birth canal or when the new-born kittens ingest infected milk.
The virus is carried to nearby lymph nodes, where it reproduces in white blood cells known as T-lymphocytes. The virus then spread to other lymph nodes throughout the body, resulting in a generalized but usually temporary enlargement of the lymph nodes, often accompanied by fever.
Persistent fever with a loss of appetite is common in infected cats. Inflammation of the gums and mouth and chronic or recurrent infections of the skin, eyes, urinary, bladder, and upper respiratory tract are often present. Persistent diarrhoea can also be problem. Some cat experience seizures, behaviour changes, and other neurological disorders. Slow but progressive weight loss is common in cats with FIV.
Blood samples are examined for the presence of antibodies to the FIV virus.
There is currently no definitive cure for FIV, but they can live normal lives for years if managed appropriately.
FIV-infected cats should be spayed and should be confined indoors to prevent spread of FIV infection to other cats in the neighbourhood and to reduce their exposure to infectious agents carried by other animals. They should be fed nutritionally complete and balanced diets, and uncooked food, such as raw meat and eggs, and unpasteurized dairy products should be avoided to minimize the risk of food-borne bacterial and parasitic infections.
The only sure way to protect cats is to prevent their exposure to the virus. Cat bites are major means by which infection is transmitted, so keeping cats indoors, away from infected cats that might bite them, marked reduces their likelihood of contracting FIV infection.
Note We at Medikoe provide you with the best healthcare articles written and endorsed by experts of the healthcare industry to boost you knowledge. However, we strongly recommend that users consult a doctor or concerned service provider for expert diagnosis before acting on this information.