- by Bangalore Baptist Hospital
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- Apr 24 2018
What are the causes of Hookworm Infection?
What are Hookworms?
Hookworms are parasites, which means they live off other living things and they affect lungs and small intestine. Hookworm infection is acquired through skin exposure to larvae in soil contaminated by human feces. Once they penetrate the skin, their larvae make their own way into the body’s bloodstream and lymphatic vessels.
Soil becomes infectious about 9 days after contamination and remains so for weeks, depending on conditions. Hookworms that infect human include are Ancylostoma duodenale and Nectar americanus species.
- Skin rash that is red, raised, and itchy
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Wheezing and cough
- Stomach pain
- Extreme tiredness and weakness
- Anemia or malnutrition
- Heart failure
A stool sample test: To identify hookworm eggs in a sample of stool.
Blood sample test: To check anaemia and nutritional deficiencies.
There are some medicines which are recommended to treat a hookworm infection, usually given from 1 to 3 days. For anaemia, iron supplements are given.
- Use sanitary toilet facilities.
- Prevent the skin from direct contact of soil.
- Treating dogs and cats for hookworm to prevent them from spreading hookworms to people.
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