- by Dr Abhishek Solanki Dr Solankis Dental Clinic
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- Dec 05 2017
What are Dental Bridges?
One or more missing teeth can adversely affect the appearance and functionality of your smile. Missing teeth can cause a change in occlusion (bite), shifting of the teeth, temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ), speech impediments, an increased risk for periodontal disease and a greater chance of tooth decay.
Dental bridges are used to replace missing teeth. A bridge is made up of two or more crowns for the teeth on either side of the gap, these two or more anchoring teeth are called abutment teeth and a false tooth in between. These false teeth are called pontics and can be made from gold, alloys, porcelain, or a combination of these materials.
Benefits of Dental Bridges
- Restore your smile
- Restore the ability to properly chew and speak
- Maintain the shape of your face
- Distribute the forces in your bite properly by replacing missing teeth
- Prevent remaining teeth from drifting out of position.
Types of Dental Bridges
Traditional Bridges: It involves creating a crown for the tooth or implant on either side of the missing tooth, with a pontic in between. They are made of porcelain fused to metal or ceramics.
Cantilever Bridges: They are used when there are adjacent teeth on only one side of the missing tooth or teeth. It is not recommended in the back of the mouth where it can put too much force on other teeth and damage them.
Maryland bonded Bridges: They are made of Porcelain, porcelain fused metal, or plastic teeth and gums supported by a metal or porcelain framework.
Process of getting a Dental Bridge
First, the abutment teeth are prepared. Preparation involves recontouring these teeth by removing a portion of enamel to allow room for a crown to be placed over them. Next, impressions of teeth are made, which serve as a model from the bridge. The dentist will make a temporary bridge to wear to protect the exposed teeth and gums while the bridge is being made.
In the second visit, the temporary bridge will be removed and the new porcelain or metal bridge will be checked and adjusted, as necessary, to achieve a proper fit.
They can last five to 15 years and even longer.
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