- by Specialist Hospital
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- Jan 17 2018
WHAT ARE BUNIONS?
A bunion (also known as hallux valgus) is a visible bump on the side of the big toe. Here the big toe leans toward the second toe, rather than pointing straight ahead, misaligning the bone framework.
Bunions are most often inherited. Also there are certain foot types that are more prone to developing a bunion and wearing the wrong shoes only makes the deformity worse.
- Pain or soreness
- A bulging bump on the base of your big toe
- Inflammation, swelling and redness
- A burning sensation
- Corns and calluses
A basic foot examination and X ray can identify the presence of bunions.
Before you opt for surgery, there are other conservative methods that help relieve the pain and pressure.
- Changing footwear: Wear spacious and comfortable shoes that provide enough room for your toes.
- Padding and taping or splinting: There are over the counter bunion pads and tapes available to help alleviate your pain.
- Shoe inserts: Padded shoe inserts distribute pressure evenly when you move your feet, reducing the symptoms.
- Applying ice: Icing will help alleviate any soreness or inflammation.
If your bunion is serious and interferes with your daily activities, non-surgical treatments will not help. A variety of surgical procedures are available to treat bunions. They involve removing the bump of bone, correcting the changes in the bony structure of the foot and any soft tissue changes that may have occurred. An ankle and foot surgeon can suggest you the right form of surgery, taking into consideration the extent of your deformity. You can walk immediately after surgery but full recovery may take a while.
You cannot prevent bunions but choosing the right fit for shoes that do not press or squeeze the foot may help in controlling the condition.
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