- by Dr Md Shiyad K K
- 3 Shares
- Jun 22 2017
Veterinary medicine-what is it?
The medical science is apprehensive with the identification, care and management of disorders in animals. Apart from detecting and treating injured and sick animals, veterinarians block the communication of animal diseases to humans, and recommend owners on the proper care of animals. Veterinarians work to make sure a safe food supply by preserving the health of agricultural animals and by examining food processing enterprises. Veterinarians are also involved in the protection of wildlife.
A veterinarian is a medical professional who safeguards the health and well-being of both animals and humans. They detect and control animal diseases and treat sick and deformed animals. They also guide owners on thorough care of their pets and domestic animals. Veterinarians provide a wide variety of services in teaching, private practice, research, public health, military service, , government service, private industry, and other sectors.
When taking the veterinarian's pledge, a doctor earnestly swears to use his or her scientific knowledge and skills "for the well-being of society, through the protection of animal health, the solace of animal suffering, the preservation of animal resources, the encouragement of public health, and the advocacy of medical knowledge."
Role of a veterinarian?
Detects animal health problems
Vaccinates against diseases, such as rabies and distemper
Treats animals suffering from illnesses or infections
Treats and dresses wounds
Depending on training, performs minor to complicated surgery
Guides owners about animal behavior, breeding and feeding
Euthanizes or known as mercy killing animals when required
Furnishes preventive care to maintain the health of domestic animals
Performs diagnostic tests such as EKG, X-ray, ultrasound, urine, blood and faces
In many regards, a veterinarian is similar to a pediatrician. Like human beings, animals cannot talk and much of the clinical background is acquired from the owner or client, as a pediatrician would get from a child's parents. Exceptional people skills and communication skills are required.
What cannot be got from the clinical history is secured with the eyes, fingers and smell. The potential to listen with a stethoscope and touch with the fingers and hands will disclose much of the physical findings. The sense of smell is also crucial in diagnosing the fruity odor of the ketotic cow's breath, or the urea from the inhalation of a cat in renal failure.
What cannot be disclosed by the history and exam is further advocated by diagnostic tests like urinalysis, fecal exams and blood work. Veterinarians are well trained in parasitology and laboratory medicine.
The common practice veterinarian spends one-third to one-half of his or her time in surgery. Animal sterilization operations are done in most veterinarians' clinics. Many veterinarians also perform orthopedical techniques, bone setting, dentistry, and surgery for contusions. Surgery requires good hand and eye harmony, and fine motor skills. A veterinarian's job is similar to that of a human doctor.
When health issue arises, veterinarians detect the problem and treat the animal. Appropriate diagnosis generally requires laboratory tests, radiography, and comprehensive equipment. Treatments may include a number of different methods including emergency lifesaving techniques, advising medication, fixing fractures, labour, performing surgery, or guiding an owner on feeding and care of the animal.
To prevent the establishment of foreign diseases, veterinarians hired by government agencies isolate and supervise animals brought into the country from other countries. They supervise transportation of animals, examination for the presence of disorders and manage campaigns to prevent and eliminate many diseases such as brucellosis, rabies and tuberculosis which are a threat to animal and human health.
To prevent and solve animal and human health problems, a veterinarian in research looks for better options. Many disorders, such as cancer and heart disease, are studied through the use of lab animals, which are thoroughly raised, bred and maintained under the governance of veterinarians.
There are many veterinarians that are professors, educating at schools and academy of veterinary medicine.
Veterinarians also work in the sectors of general health. They aid to check and control animal and human disorders and publicize good health. As epidemiologists they explore animal and human disease epidemics such as food-borne illness, plague, influenza, AIDS, encephalitis and rabies. They analyze the safety of food processing plants, restaurants, and water supplies. Veterinarians in environmental health programs study and analyze the effects of different pesticides, industrial pollutants, and other impurity and infections on people as well as on animals.
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