- by Dr Sahana K P
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- Sep 04 2017
Urinary tract infections during pregnancy
A urinary tract infection or UTI, is a bacterial inflammation in the urinary tract, it is also called bladder infection. Pregnant women are at high risk for UTI’s starting in week six through week twenty four.
Why UTI are more common during pregnancy?
UTI’s are more frequent during pregnancy because of transformation in the urinary tract. The uterus is seated directly on top of the bladder. An infection is caused as the uterus grows and its enlarged weight can obstruct the evacuation of urine from the bladder.
Signs and symptoms of urinary tract infection?
You may experience one or more of the below symptoms, if you have a UTI:
Pain or intense uneasiness while urinating
The urge to pass urine more frequently than routine
A feeling of urgency when you urinate
Blood or mucus in the urine
Pain or cramps in the lower abdomen
Pain during sexual intercourse
Fever, chills, sweats, leaking of urine or incontinence
Waking up from sleep to urinate
Change in amount of urine, either more or less
Urine that looks muddy smells repulsive or unusually strong
Pain, pressure, or tenderness in the area of the bladder
When a bacterium advances to the kidneys you may experience: chills, back pain, fever, nausea, and vomiting.
How will the UTI affect the baby?
UTI may lead to a kidney infection if it goes untreated. Kidney infections may cause premature labor and decreased birth weight. The UTI will not cause distress to your baby, if your physician treats a urinary tract infection early and properly.
How does one know if she has a UTI?
A urinalysis and a urine culture can determine a UTI all through pregnancy.
How is a UTI during pregnancy treated?
During pregnancy, UTI’s can be safely treated with antibiotics. Urinary tract infections are most frequently treated by antibiotics. Doctors usually recommend a three-seven day course of antibiotics that is safe for the mother and the baby. Visit your doctor if you have chills, fever, lower stomach pains, vomiting, nausea, contractions or if after taking medicine for three days, you still have a flaming feeling when you urinate.
How can UTI be prevented?
You may do everything correctly and still encounter a urinary tract infection, but you can lessen the possibility by doing the following:
Drink six-eight glasses of water every day and unsweetened juice regularly.
Remove refined fruit juices, foods, caffeine, sugar and alcohol.
Take Vitamin C, Beta-carotene and Zinc to help battle infection, with the advice of your doctor only.
Start a habit of urinating as soon as the need is felt and evacuate your bladder entirely when you urinate.
Urinate before and after intercourse.
While you are being treated for an UTI, avoid intercourse.
After urinating, blot dry but do not rub, and keep your private area clean. Make sure you swab from the front toward the back.
Avoid using douches, strong soaps, feminine hygiene sprays, antiseptic creams, and powders.
Change pantyhose and underwear every day.
Avoid wearing tight-fitting pants.
Wear all cotton-crotch or cotton pantyhose and underwear.
Don’t immerse in the bathtub longer than thirty minutes or more than twice a day.
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