- by Dr Sheetal Bhatia
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- Feb 14 2017
Urinary tract infections are is caused by microbes that are not visible to the naked eye. The infection is most commonly caused by bacteria that affect the lower tract which is your bladder and urethra. The upper tract consists of your ureters and kidneys which are rarely affected but in case they are, the condition is more serious.
Symptoms of a UTI
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Blood in the urine
- Cloudy urine
- Strong bad odour
- Increase in urgency and frequency of urination
- Pain in the lower abdomen and surrounding areas
These are the symptoms in case of lower tract infection. If your upper tract is infected, it directly affects the kidneys and can be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated in time. Study shows that women are more prone to a UTI than men.
Diagnosis and treatment
If you experience some kind of pain that doesn’t go away or changes in your urine or some kind of discomfort, it is best to consult your doctor. The diagnosis is fairly simple through physical examination, blood and urine test. Depending on the type of infection and which part it has affected, treatment is provided which is usually a course of antibiotics.
It is important that you treat the UTI as early as possible because as the severity increases, they spread further. An early examination can save you from a lot of trouble as it is easier to treat in the beginning stages.
- Keeping your body hydrated ensures your urine remains diluted and passes out easily and frequently.
- Pass urine soon after intercourse to prevent bacteria from staying in the system
- Keeping your genitals clean and washing from front to back after bowel movements
- Cranberry juice is believed to prevent UTIs