- by Bangalore Baptist Hospital
- 0 Shares
- Oct 12 2017
Understanding The Degenerative Joint Disease: Arthritis
The constant joint pain, difficulty in moving, and stiffness are a few things that can make your life miserable, and arthritis is one condition that contributes to such symptoms. It is one of the most common but poorly understood conditions.
Arthritis means joint inflammation; therefore, it is a joint disease that affects millions of people around the world. Arthritis is not a single disease but has over 100 types and related conditions, which affect both sexes of all age groups. This disease is, however, more common among women than men, and increases as people get older.
The five common type of arthritis
It is one of the most common types of arthritis that affects joints and causes a lot of pain. Cartilage is the cushioning between bones that prevents bones from rubbing. When this wears away, the bones begin to rub which causes pain, swelling, and stiffness.
What causes osteoarthritis?
It is most commonly a disease of the elderly as it is gradual wearing of bones. Obesity, a sedentary lifestyle and a family history of the disease increase your chances.
If you experience prolonged joint pains, consult your physician or orthopedic or rheumatologist and they will perform a physical examination to check for fluid between bones or wearing.
How do you treat osteoarthritis?
The treatment for arthritis aims at reducing the pain caused and preventing further wearing of the bones. Alternating between hot and cold packs brings temporary relief. Medication is given for pain management and controlling inflammation. Walkers and canes are also suggested to ease the pressure on the joints.
In case of severe pain, for certain joints like knees and hip, surgery is common for joint replacement.
We all know what psoriasis is. It is an autoimmune disease that triggers thick reddish patchy skin which causes utter discomfort. Psoriatic arthritis is a kind of arthritis that affects a few people who have psoriasis. It is characterized by joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. It can also change other parts of the body like the fingertips and spine. You can read other symptoms here in Medikoe.
There are five types of psoriatic arthritis:
- Symmetric psoriatic arthritis
- This is the most common type which affects the joints on both the sides of the body.
- Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis
- After symmetric psoriatic arthritis, they are the most prevalent ones. It is characterized by swelling and pain on either of the joint.
- Distal psoriatic arthritis
- It is characterized by stiffness and inflammation of the fingers and toes.
- It is characterized by pain and stiffness in the neck and spine.
- Arthritis mutilans
- This is a sporadic condition but affects severely in very few people. It may even cause permanent deformities in the small joints of the fingers and toes.
What triggers Psoriatic Arthritis?
Specific factors trigger psoriatic arthritis; few of them are as follows:
- Drugs like anti-malarial, lithium, beta-blockers, etc.
- Hormone changes
- Skin injury and lesion
- Bacterial infections like streptococcal infections
- Unhealthy lifestyle
- Smoking and alcohol
Can psoriatic arthritis be treated?
Well, there is no cure for psoriatic arthritis, but studies suggest that with the use of biologic agents and following a healthy lifestyle there is a possibility of a positive result.
It is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by stiffness, pain, swelling, warmth, and redness in the joints of the wrist, hand, and feet. It is an autoimmune disease which may result in difficulties in, mobility, and movement.
What causes rheumatoid arthritis?
This happens when your immune system starts attacking your body cells that line your joints resulting in damaged, misaligned, and misshaped cartilage, bone, and tissues.
How do you treat rheumatoid arthritis?
Medication and supportive therapy is the best way to help with your mobility.
Gout is caused by a buildup of uric acid crystals in a joint which causes sudden, sharp pain in your legs.
What causes gout?
It is said that gout is triggered by drugs, stress, or another underlying illness. Healthy lifestyle changes and medications are said to help treat gout. Read more about gout here in Medikoe.
Lupus is an autoimmune disease that affects your joints and other organs in your body.
What causes lupus?
Lupus is a poorly understood disease, but studies suggest that the immune system is to blame for it. It is caused when your immune system attacking the viruses, and other invaders start to cause inflammation and pain throughout your body.
Healthy lifestyle changes and medications are said to help treat lupus. Read more about lupus here in Medikoe.
This World Arthritis Day let’s spread awareness about Arthritis and its effects to help the ones affected and prevent others from getting affected.
Note We at Medikoe provide you with the best healthcare articles written and endorsed by experts of the healthcare industry to boost you knowledge. However, we strongly recommend that users consult a doctor or concerned service provider for expert diagnosis before acting on this information.