- by Dr Reginald Varadarajulu VSM
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- Nov 15 2017
UNDERSTANDING THE CAUSES OF DYSLEXIA IN CHILDREN
Dyslexia is a learning disability that makes it difficult for people to read accurately and fluently. It is one of the most common learning issue. The signs and symptoms of dyslexia are quite obvious but it remains unclear what are the exact reasons behind dyslexia.
Researchers have found that there are certain theories that can explain the cause behind dyslexia.
- GENETIC INHERITANCE
Researchers looking into the role of genetics believe that dyslexia may run in families.Whether or not it was formally identified,some relative may be having it.Not every child of someone with dyslexia is dyslexic but it is common for someone in the family to have it.Also, dyslexia has been found to be related with left-handedness.However,just because someone is left-handed does not mean they are dyslexic,but it has been found that some of the family members of a dyslexic are mostly left handed.
Everyone’s brain is designed differently, the same is also true for people who have dyslexia. The way the different parts of their brains interact and connect to one another may be inefficient.Many experts believe that the problems people with dyslexia experience aren’t a result of how their brains are structured.When we read, the brain translates the symbols into sounds and then combines those sounds into meaningful words.Typically the areas of our brains responsible for language skills work in a predictable way.If your child has dyslexia, those areas don’t work together in the same way.
Dyslexia could be caused by a unique wiring in the brain.Dyslexics have been found to show strong activity in the right side of their brain.Because of this, they engage the right part of the brain while performing language tasks.However,reading and language tasks are typically and most efficiently performed by the left side of the brain.In a non-dyslexic person, these cells are found in the left side of the brain.It is believed that because of these cell misplacements, it is difficult for dyslexics to process language tasks.
- HEARING PROBLEMS IN CHILDHOOD
Another theory is that dyslexia is caused by hearing problems that a child may experience while the brain is still developing and learning language. Hearing impairments can make it difficult for a child to learn the sounds of language (phonemic awareness). This early learning period is very important for developing effective language skills for a kid.
It is important to understand that dyslexia is a learning disability and is not a sign of intelligence. Many people have struggled with dyslexia as kids and have gone on to have successful careers.
Providing the right support and teaching approach is important to help the child overcome dyslexia. The sooner the intervention begins the better it is for the child’s learning development.