- by Specialist Hospital
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- Dec 13 2017
UNDERSTANDING PROSTATE CANCER: RISK FACTORS & SYMPTOMS
WHAT IS PROSTATE CANCER?
Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly occurring form of cancer among men. The prostate gland is a walnut sized gland in men, found in the pelvis, around the urethra. The prostate gland is responsible for the secretion of semen and is essential to reproduction. It starts in the glandular cells known as “adenocarcinoma”. Small changes occur in the shape and size of the prostate gland cells, known as prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN).
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS?
The cause of prostate cancer has not been clearly determined but there are factors that may put you at a higher risk of developing the disease.
Prostate cancer is not very common among men under the age of 45 years, but is often found in those above 50 years.
- Geography & Race
For reasons not clear, Prostate cancer occurs most frequently in North America, North Western Europe, Caribbean islands and Australia. Similarly, black men are at a greater risk of developing an advanced form of prostate cancer than men of other races.
- Genetic factors
Like most diseases, any family history of prostate cancer increases your risk of developing it.
Some studies suggest that a diet rich in red meat or high-fat dairy products may increase a person's chances of developing prostate cancer, but the link has not been confirmed so far.
It is often believed that obesity is related to the development of prostate cancer but the link has not been established. Although, obese men diagnosed with prostate cancer are at a higher risk of having an advanced form of cancer that is difficult to treat.
SYMPTOMS & SIGNS
In the advanced stage, prostate cancer can be characterised with the following symptoms.
- A frequent and excessive need to urinate.
- Problems in starting, maintaining, or stopping the urine stream.
- Weak urine stream.
- Inability to urinate or urinary retention.
- Difficulty urinating when standing.
- Pain with urination.
- Blood in the urine or in the semen.
- Discomfort in the pelvic area.
- Erectile dysfunction.
Like any other form of cancer, there is no cure for prostate cancer. Treatment options range from surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, hormone therapy and cryotherapy.
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