Understanding Joint Hypermobility!
The Fitness Cafe
Koramangala, Bengaluru May 7, 2019
Your ability to move around freely depends on the health of your joints. Joints are places where the bones connect. It contains a firm, rubbery coating called cartilage at the end which acts as a cushion and allows you to move around with comfort.
There is a certain angle or a certain amount of laxity beyond that the joints don’t move (hereditary). But in a few cases there are certain hereditary factors that can lead to excessive, uncontrolled range-of-motion, this is known as hypermobility or joint hypermobility syndrome.
In simple, hypermobility is the extreme flexibility at a joint.
What are the Hypermobility symptoms?
Hypermobile joints are not a problematic condition; in a few cases, some people benefit from the increased flexibility like- ballet dancers, gymnasts, and musicians. But at times (very rarely) it causes unpleasant symptoms like:
- Clicking joints
- Recurrent sprains
- Joints that dislocate easily
- Pain and stiffness in the joints (hypermobility pain)
- Extreme fatigue and dizziness
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Stretchy skin
- Back pain
- Neck pain
What causes Joint Hypermobility?
Joint hypermobility is a hereditary disorder. It happens when there is a problem with a gene that codes (makes) for the protein called collagen. Collagen is the protein that is present throughout the body. It is present in the skin and in the ligament that connects the two bones at a joint. In a few people, the collagen is scarcely produced which result in delicate tissues, and ligaments and joints that are loose and stretchy. This can lead to hypermobility disorders.
Why is stretching bad for people with Joint Hypermobility?
Stiff joints are complicated to live with. The go-to solution for a stiff joint or tightness in an area of the body is usually a good stretch or massage to loosen the affected area and regain the lost mobility of the joint or muscle.
But there are instances where a loose joint can also cause an uncomfortable situation, for example, a hypermobile joint, and stretching can worsen the condition. Yes! That’s true!
When someone is overly flexible, also known as hyper-mobile, they lack stability and need to be tightened up, not stretch and loosen more. In such a condition we suggest you consult with a health therapist, follow corrective exercise and join a rehabilitation program. Several therapists, trainers, and various health modalities have concluded that hypermobile people should avoid overstretching since it can result in dislocating their joints.
Can people with Hypermobile Joints follow safe stretching exercises?
Yes! But this is only when you know how to move according to your bodily needs and also know the amount of time your body exactly needs the stretch. Do not stretch in the absence of a professional to guide you.
Also, by perfectly timing your mobility with the stability you can know precisely how to achieve the needed range of movement with various exercises like squats, lunges, and also pushing and pulling with the upper body.
Is Joint Hypermobility common?
Joint hypermobility in children and young adults is thought to be very common. It is also said that this condition reverts gradually with age, as in the loose joints become stiffer as one ages, but this does not subside its symptoms.
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