- by Medikoe Health Expert
- 1 Shares
- Feb 12 2017
Diabetes is a life-long disease that affects the way our body handles glucose, a kind of sugar, in your blood. Most people with diabetes have type 2. There are about 27 million people in the U.S. with it. In this condition, cells cannot use blood sugar efficiently for energy. This happens when the cells become insensitive to insulin and the blood sugar gradually gets too high.
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease and the exact cause of this unknown. This is a condition that occurs when the immune system trigger and destroys healthy body tissue and cells in the pancreas that make insulin.
Insulin lowers blood sugar by allowing it to leave the bloodstream and enter cells. Everyone suffering from type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day.
If a person is having Type 1 diabetes, he may suffer from HIGH BLOOD SUGAR and have following symptoms:
- Felling thirsty, hungry, tired all the time, blurry eyesight, numbness in feet, losing weight, urinating more often, rapid breathing, dry skin and mouth, flushed face, fruity breath odor, Nausea or vomiting and Stomach pain.
- If a person is having Type 1 diabetes, he may suffer from LOW BLOOD SUGAR and have following symptoms:
- Symptoms usually appear when a person's blood sugar level falls below 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Symptoms are:
- A headache, hunger, nervousness, rapid heartbeat, shaking and sweating.
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin. Exactly why this happens is unknown, although genetics and environmental factors, such as excess weight and inactivity, seem to be contributing factors.
In this condition, the body becomes resistant to insulin and body is no longer using the hormone efficiently. This forces your pancreas to work harder to make more insulin. Over time, this can damage cells in your pancreas. Eventually, your pancreas may not be able to produce any insulin.
If you don’t produce enough insulin or if your body doesn’t use it efficiently, glucose builds up in your bloodstream. This leaves your body’s cells starved for energy.
The early symptoms may include:
- Constant hunger
- A lack of energy
- Weight loss
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Dry mouth
- Itchy skin
- Blurry vision
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