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Tooth Abscess: Causes and Symptoms

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 14, 2017

   1 min     


It is a pocket of pus that’s caused by a bacterial infection. It can occur in different regions of the tooth or different reasons. A periapical abscess occurs at the tip of the foot, whereas a periodontal abscess occurs in the gums next to a tooth root. The information here refers specifically to periapical abscesses.


  • Your tooth is hard on the outside, but the inside is filled with a pulp made up of nerves, connective tissue, and blood vessels.
  • A deep cavity or tooth decay
  • Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease
  • A cracked tooth


  • An intense, throbbing pain in the affected tooth or gum that may come on suddenly and gets gradually worse.
  • Pain that spreads to your ear, jaw and neck on the same side.
  • Sensitivity to cold or hot food and liquids
  • A foul taste in the mouth
  • Fever
  • A generally unwell feeling
  • Insomnia
  • Swallowing difficulties


Gingival abscess: It is only in the gum tissue and does not affect the periodontal ligament.

Periodontal abscess: It starts in the supporting bone tissue structure teeth.

Periapical abscess: This abscess commences in the soft pulp of the tooth.


You might notice:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Gum redness
  • Bad taste
  • Pain when you chew
  • Jaw pain
  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Trouble breathing or swallowing
  • A pimple-like bump on your gum
  • Tooth X-ray to find abscess


The pain can be intense and prevent a patient from eating properly.

Open up and drain the abscess: The dentist will make a small cut into the abscess, allowing the pus to drain out, and then wash the area with salt water.

Perform a root canal

Pull the affected tooth

Prescribe antibiotics

Tags:  Dental treatments,

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