- by Dr Reginald Varadarajulu VSM
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- Oct 05 2017
THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF INSOMNIA
Insomnia is the inability to obtain an adequate quality or amount of sleep, turning you well into a ‘walking zombie’. Insomnia gives you sleepless nights and jittery days. While most of us have experienced sleeping difficulties at some point of time, if the condition persists for a longer period, you are likely to be suffering from insomnia. No one reason could be attributed to insomnia as it occurs due to a complex combination of factors.
There are multiple forms of Insomnia:
- Acute or Adjustment Insomnia
Acute insomnia lasts for less than three months and is often related in time to an identifiable reason. It is generally caused by a stressful life event, which does not necessarily has to be negative. Once the source of stress is settled, insomnia usually resolves without any treatment.
- Chronic Insomnia
Whereas acute insomnia rocks your sleep pattern for a relatively short period, chronic insomnia stretches out to a lengthy period of time. Chronic insomnia can last from three nights a week to at least three months.
- Maintenance Insomnia
This type of insomnia is characterised by the inability to stay asleep. You wake up suddenly and are unable to go back to sleep, according to a normal diurnal sleeping pattern. It is a common, irritating sleep pattern that affects a lot of people.
- Comorbid Insomnia
This insomnia is generally a result of substance use, anxiety, depression and mood disorders. Comorbid insomnia can worsen the clinical outcomes of another disorder, predispose patients to its recurrence, and persist despite improvement in the other condition.
- Behavioral Insomnia
It is one of the most prevalent disorders found in children. Children may suffer from insomnia for various reasons, including difficulties related to their sleep environment or poor sleep habits. Sometimes parents also contribute to poor sleeping patterns in kids.
- Idiopathic Insomnia
This is a lifelong sleep disorder that starts during infancy or childhood and finds its way into adulthood. This insomnia may result from an imbalance in your body, such as an underactive sleep system or an overactive awakening system, but no verifiable true cause of the disorder is known.
Persistent insomnia results in emotional disorders, stress, mood swings, sedentary lifestyle, reduced concentration and other medical and behavioural conditions.
Insomnia could be treated using pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical means. You may have to try out a number of treatments before finding the one suitable for you. Medications are used to treat sleeping disorders but they generally have side effects. Sleep hygiene training is typically recommended. Avoid caffeinated beverages, exercise and use of gadgets around bed time.
If you have been experiencing sleeping difficulties over a prolonged period of time, it is crucial that you consult a doctor as there could be an underlying psychological or medical issue alleviating the sleeping problems.
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