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The difference between VLDL and LDL

Dr. Sunil Dwivedi

Dr. Sunil Dwivedi

  Vasanth nagar, Bengaluru     May 8, 2019

   1 min     

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VLDL and LDL stand for very low-density lipoproteins and low-density lipoproteins respectively. Both are made up of proteins and fat and are responsible for transporting cholesterol and triglyceride through the bloodstream. While both of them are considered to be bad cholesterol, there are some major differences between the two.

VLDL:

VLDL is most commonly manufactured in the liver and it mostly contains triglycerides. The composition of VLDL is:

  • Triglycerides: 70%
  • Cholesterol: 10%
  • Proteins: 10%
  • Other fats: 10%

It can be seen that triglycerides are a very major constituent of VLDL. These triglycerides are used in the body for storing energy in fat cells, which can be used at a later stage when energy is required. However, these triglycerides also cause hard deposits in the arteries leading to an increased risk of heart diseases. It can also cause various metabolic diseases like non-alcoholic fatty liver syndrome.

LDL: 

As compared to VLDL, LDL contains more cholesterol. The composition of LDL is:

  • Cholesterol: 26%
  • Proteins: 25%
  • Triglycerides: 10%
  • Other fats: 10%

High levels of LDL are also associated with plaque formation in the arteries. This can lead to complications like arteriosclerosis and increased risk of stroke.

Though both VLDL and LDL are associated with bad cholesterol, they are required by the body for various metabolic functions and hormone production. However, it is advisable to keep the levels in check by following a healthy diet, exercise, and an active lifestyle.

Tags:  Cholesterol ,very low-density lipoproteins ,low-density lipoproteins ,Cardiovascular Health,

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