- by Dr Reginald Varadarajulu VSM
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- Dec 15 2017
THE DELUSIONAL DISORDER: SCHIZOPHRENIA
Schizophrenia is a serious mental health disorder which alters the person’s thought process. It affects the way they think, behaves and feels. It affects their mental health in such a way that they cannot differentiate between reality and imaginary.
Although, often confused with split or multiple personality, the people affected by schizophrenia are not violent and do not pose a threat to others. Instead, they are often very withdrawn, unresponsive and anti-social. They might even find it hard to express normal emotions.
What causes Schizophrenia?
The root cause of this disease is yet to be determined but, there are many theories that propose some factors that seem to have a profound impact and contribute towards the cause.
It has been observed that one tends to inherit tendencies to develop Schizophrenia if there is a family history of the disease similar to other diseases which are genetically related.
Neurotransmitters like dopamine are responsible for brain activity and ensures that the never cells send and receive messages. It is believed that in Schizophrenia patients, there is come imbalance in these chemicals which creates problems in processing information and even creates room for hallucinations and delusions.
It has also been observed that people who suffer from serious viral infections and immunisation disorders are at higher risk of developing this disease.
What are the warning signs of Schizophrenia?
- The person starts hearing or seeing things that don’t exist; even talk to people that are not present
- Changing personality
- Abnormal and disorganised behaviour
- Withdrawal from social situations and gatherings
- Delusions and hallucinations
- Treating Schizophrenia
Although there is no cure for the disease, there are many recovery and rehabilitation programs to help cope with the disease and its effects. Along with medication therapy and counselling session help improve their condition and increase their self-confidence and skills to lead an independent and normal life. There are many groups which offer in-house help and assistance to monitor the patients.
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