- by Dr Md Shiyad K K
- 0 Shares
- Jan 18 2018
SWINE FLU: CAUSES, TREATMENT & PREVENTION
Swine flu, also known as H1N1 flu, is a new strain of virus that originates from pigs and spreads from person to person contact.
Swine flu is caused by an influenza virus that infects pigs. Swine flu doesn’t spread from animal to person but only from person to person. You will not get swine flu if you eat properly cooked pork. Swine flu is very contagious and spreads through saliva and mucus particles. It can spread through sneezing, coughing and touching a germ covered surface.
Some people are at a higher risk of developing serious complications if they are infected with swine flu. Some of the risk factors include:
- Adults who are over the age of 60
- Children under 5 years of age
- People with weakened immune system
- Pregnant women
- People with chronic illnesses
The symptoms of swine flu are the same as a seasonal flu. Some of the common symptoms include:
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Body aches
- Nausea and vomiting
It is difficult to differentiate swine flu from other seasonal flu. A nose or throat swab will allow the doctor to sample fluid from your body. This will help analyse the specific type of virus.
Most anti-viral medications can help treat swine flu. Focus should be on relieving the symptoms and preventing the spread of the H1N1 infection to other people. Wash your hands and practice good hygiene. Don’t touch your eyes, nose or mouth. Stay at home if you are sick and avoid coming in contact with large group of people to avoid spreading the infection.