- by R K Senthil Kumar - Occupational Therapist
- 1 Shares
- Jun 19 2017
Role of Occupational Therapy in Autism
Autism is a developmental ailment—normally diagnosed around age three years— that the functions of the brain, particularly those regions that control communication skills and social behaviors. The National Institute of Child Health & Human Development uses the term autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) to mention to a group of ailments that involves autistic problems also called as “classic autism”. Pervasive developmental disorders and asperger syndrome, and not otherwise stated (also called “atypical autism”).Yet to narrate all of the disorders in the ASD spectrum in literature, the word autism is frequently used.
What is the motive of occupational therapy with people with autism?
Occupational therapy services emphasize on increasing involvement in the execution of activities of day to day living (e.g., dressing, feeding), significant activities of day to day living (e.g., mobility, safety procedures, community), and social participation, education, leisure, work and play. For a person with an ASD, occupational therapy services are decided according to the desired goals and priorities for participation and person’s needs.
Occupational therapy services for people with an ASD involve, intervention, measurement of outcomes and evaluation. Right through the procedure, association with the adult or child with autism, caregivers, family, teachers, and other who provide support is essential to understand the day to day life practices of the person and those with whom she or he correlates. Occupational therapy services can emphasize on individual development, the needs of the family and quality of life.
To gain an understanding of the individual’s skills, the occupational therapy evaluation method is created —his or her challenges and strengths while involving in day to day activities (occupations). The occupational therapy involvement procedure is based on the results of the assessment and is personalized to include a range of techniques and approach that help clients maximize their potential to engage in day to day activities at school (if relevant), home, in the community environment and work. Successful outcome or progress is made a note of through improved execution (or adaptation), increased participation in meaningful or necessary day to day activities, improved health and wellness, successful transitions and personal satisfaction, to new roles and situations. These surveys can help the person, team and family value success and refocus and change importance of the involvement plan as required.
To match their needs and abilities occupational therapy practitioners help individuals with autism modify conditions and tasks. Such help may involve changing the environment to decrease distractions from outside, finding particularly formulated computer software that promotes identifying skills or communication they need to achieve tasks.
Where do occupational therapy assistants and occupational therapists work with people with autism?
Occupational therapy practitioners deliver involvement to clients in the surroundings where they particularly engage in day to day activities, such as a preschool, child care center school, worksite, home residential setting, adult day care and so forth. The job of the occupational therapy practitioner may be as a contributor of candid services; as a consultant to family members, as a job coach educators, team members or employers.
How can occupational therapy practitioners help individuals with autism?
• Access an individual to decide whether he or she has achieved developmentally suitable skills required in such areas as play, leisure skills and grooming
• Give interventions to help an individual react to information coming along the senses. Involvement may include play activities, developmental activities and sensory processing or sensory integration
• Promote play activities that train as well as aid a child in communicating and interacting with others.
• Design procedures to help the individual transformation from one life phase to another, from one person to another and from one setting to another.
• Cooperate with the person and family to learn safe methods of community adaptability.
•Develop, identify or adapt other daily activities and work that are meaningful to increase the person’s quality of life.
Where is occupational therapy service offered?
Pediatricians can help parents know early intervention programs obtainable through a state’s Department of Social Services or Department of Health. Young children and their families can be referred to occupational therapy and other needed services by these programs.
Youth (to age 21),preschool and school-age children may be suitable for occupational therapy services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Services may also be available through hospitals, local health centers, home health agencies and private clinics. Adults with an ASD who need occupational therapy services may obtain referrals through social services agencies, state occupational therapy associations or developmental disability programs. Adults with an ASD may be given occupational therapy services through medical care facilities, community-based programs, work or home.
How is occupational therapy service paid?
Occupational therapy is a rehabilitation, educational and skilled health service covered by school programs ,private insurance, early intervention , workers’ compensation, vocational programs and behavioral health programs,.
Services also may be covered through state mental health agencies or those serving individuals with intellectual impairment, Social Security, health and human services agencies, grants and private foundations.
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