- by Bangalore Baptist Hospital
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- Nov 28 2017
RINGWORM INFECTION: TREATMENT AND PREVENTION
Ringworm, scientifically known as dermatophytosis or tinea, is a fungal infection, causing a silvery ring like rash on the skin. Ringworm infection can affect both humans and animals.
It can occur anywhere in the face, neck, hand, scalp, groin, beard or nails.
WHAT CAUSES RINGWORM?
Three different types of fungi can cause ringworm infection - trichophyton, microsporum and epidermophyton. It’s possible that these fungi may live for an extended period as spores in the soil. Infection can spread through:
- Human to human contact
- Human to animal contact
- Human to object contact
- Human to soil contact
Symptoms varies depending on where you have been infected. However, these are the common symptoms:
- Red, itchy, scaly patches
- Patches that form blisters or begin to ooze
- Patches that may be redder on the outside edges and resemble a ring
- Patches with defined and raised edges
A ringworm infection is quite evident just by looking at it. However, if it’s difficult to come up with a diagnosis, your doctor may take some skin scrapings sample from the affected area for examination.
Most anti-fungal creams, lotions and tablets can easily treat fungal infections. You should wash the affected area thoroughly and keep it clean. Wear a bandage around the infection. Change your clothes regularly and wear loose fitting clothes. Do not share your comb, towel, bed linen and clothes.
You can prevent ringworm by incorporating the following practices.
- Wash your hands after touching an animal.
- Disinfect and clean pet living areas.
- Avoid people or animals with ringworm until it’s treated.
- Shower and shampoo your hair regularly.
- Wear shoes if showering in community washrooms or one frequented by lot of other people.
- Avoid sharing personal items.
- Keep your feet clean and dry.
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