- by Dr Asmita Dhekne
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- Feb 09 2017
Quick Home Remedies for Dandruff
Dandruff is a condition of the scalp that causes flakes of skin to appear. It is often accompanied by itching. Dandruff is produced when the skin of the scalp exfoliates excessively. The white dusty flakes of material in the hair and on the shoulders are fragments of the superficial stratum corneum. There are a number of scalp diseases that can produce dandruff.
Dandruff is believed to be related to a fungus known as Malassezia (pittosporum) that lives on the scalp of most people. Overgrowth of the fungus may be related to increased oil production, hormonal changes, stress, neurologic disorders tends to cause dandruff.
1. People with seborrheic dermatitis have irritated, oily skin, and they are more likely to have dandruff. It affects backs of the ears, the breastbone, eyebrows, and the side of the nose. The skin will be red, greasy, and covered with flaky white or yellow scales.
2. Combing or brushing the hair regularly reduces the risk of dandruff, because it aids in the normal shedding of skin.
3. People who are sensitive to yeast have a slightly higher chance of dandruff because UVA light from the sun counteracts the yeast.
4. People with dry skin more likely to have dandruff. Cold winter air, combined with overheated rooms is a common cause of itchy, flaking skin.
5. Frequent shampooing may cause dandruff, as it can irritate the scalp.
6. People with psoriasis, eczema, and some other skin disorders tend to get dandruff.
7. Not consuming enough foods that contain zinc, B vitamins, and some types of fats may increase the risk of dandruff.
One study found that between 30 and 83 percent of people with HIV have seborrheic dermatitis, compared with 3 to 5 percent of the general population.
Symptoms: White, oily-looking flakes of dead skin in hair and on shoulders, itchy, scaling scalp and excessively dry or oily scalp.
Conventional Treatment of Dandruff:
- Dandruff shampoos are used according to their active ingredient:
- Zinc pyrithione shampoos. Containing the antibacterial and antifungal agent.
- Tar-based shampoos. Used in the condition such as dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, and psoriasis.
- Shampoos containing salicylic acid.
- Selenium sulfide shampoos. Help prevent cell turnover and may reduce the number of Malassezia.
- Ketoconazole shampoos. Armamentarium, ketoconazole is a broad-spectrum antifungal agent that may work when other shampoos fail.
Home Care for Dandruff
- Keep your stress level down.
- If your hair is oily, then shampoo often to remove the excess oil.
- Use gentle shampoos for washing your hair. Be sure to rinse off all soap.
- Hair should be brushed daily to improve circulation.
- Massaging tea tree oil into the scalp may help prevent or relieve dandruff.
- Never use harmful hair cosmetic products.
- Eat whole grains, fresh vegetables, beans, and fruit.
- Avoiding excess salt, sugar, alcohol, citrus fruits, bananas, tinned fruits, tea/coffee, pickles and refined and processed foods.
- Two tablespoons of fenugreek seeds should be soaked overnight in water and ground into a fine paste in the morning. Apply all over the scalp and leave it for 20min, then washed hair thoroughly.
- The use of a teaspoon of fresh lime juice for the last rinse, while washing the hair, is another useful remedy.
- Dandruff can be removed by massaging the hair for half an hour with curd. Sunlight may help you to reduce dandruff.
- Relaxation techniques such as meditation or yoga may help relieve stress, which exacerbates dandruff.
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