- by Dr Ankita Bhatia
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- Sep 14 2017
Physical Therapy for Low Back Pain Relief
Nearly 80% of people will experience lower back pain at some phase of their life. It is one of the most common reasons for people missing work and looking for a physiotherapist or a physician. But lower back pain is something you can circumvent with some inner awareness, back care procedures and some exercises for your back.
Basic stability' is an alarming word in low back pain management. Improving your key muscles may help you overcome resistant back issues and avoid relapse. These exercises need to be specially customized to your needs, usually by a physiotherapist with skills in this area.
Common causes of lower back pain:
Remarkable acute lower back pain can result from a back muscle pain, herniated disc (slipped disc), back ligament strain or an unspecified lower back pain.
You can also suffer lower back pain connected with systemic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia or ankylosing spondylitis.
The causes of lower back pain are innumerable but approximately fall into either a sudden (traumatic) or continued overstress injuries.
Patients suffering from most types of low back pain are often referred for physical therapy for four weeks as an initial conservative (nonsurgical) treatment option before considering other more aggressive treatments, including back surgery. The goals of physical therapy are to decrease back pain, increase function, and teach the patient a maintenance program to prevent future back problems.
Common classification of physical therapy include:
Passive physical therapy (modalities): This involves things done to the patient, such as application of ice packs, heat application and electrical stimulation. For example, a heating pad may be rubbed in to warm up the muscles before doing the exercises and stretching, and an ice pack may be used later to sooth the muscles and soft tissues.
Active physical therapy: This emphasizes on particular exercises and stretching. For most low back pain treatments, active exercise is the priority of the physical therapy program.
Benefits of exercise for low back pain
Lumbar spine (low back) strength and balance is mainly dependent on the supporting abdominal (stomach) and low back musculature. The abdominal muscles furnish the initial balancing support through their capability to create pressure within the abdomen which is applied posteriorly on the spine, thus providing an anterior support column (from the front of the spine). The low back muscles firm and balance the spine from the back and lead to posterior support. Simply stated, the bony spine and discs are enclosed by muscles, and the stronger these particular muscles are, the less stress is placed on the discs and joints of the spine. The patients should evolve a 'belt' of muscle around their spine.
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