- by Dr Sumbul Fatima
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- Dec 09 2017
PHYSICAL CHANGES IN GIRLS DURING PUBERTY
Puberty is a period during which a girl reaches sexual maturity and becomes capable of reproduction. Your body releases hormones that stimulate your ovaries into producing estrogen (female hormones).
Girls who are overweight or extremely thin, may develop early or later puberty. If you are 15 and have not started your periods, it is advisable to get examined.
Let’s look at some of the common bodily changes that accompany puberty.
- BREAST DEVELOPMENT
Around the age of 10-13 years, girls begin to develop breasts. The size of the breasts and the time when it starts to grow also varies on an individual basis. Breast development begins between 8 years of age and 13 years of age and continues through puberty. Breast development starts with the flat area around the nipple (areola), becoming enlarged and some breast tissue forming under the nipple.
- ARMPIT HAIR
During puberty, hair begins to grow in your arm pits.
During puberty, the hip region widens and hair begins to grow in and around the genital region. Pubic hair starts along the vaginal lips and the outer opening of your private parts. The hair becomes darker and coarser with time, growing like an inverted triangle. Sometimes, hair can be seen around the inside of thighs as well.
- GROWTH SPURT
Girls experience a sharp increase in their height when they go through puberty, known as growth spurt. Your head, hands, and feet also begin to grow. Arms, legs, torso, and shoulders also catch up. Height growth is also accompanied by an increase in weight, which is normal and a part of puberty.
Menarche or the first occurrence of menstruation is one of the most usual sign of puberty. It occurs between the ages of 9 and 14 years but varies on an individual basis.
Puberty results in hormonal changes and the development of sweat and oil producing glands and when they are clogged, they result in acne.
The changes that occur during puberty varies from person to person. There is no order to the physical changes. Some girls may experience breast development before the growth of pubic hair. Some girls may not experience any form of acne at all.
It may not be a pleasant situation and you may feel strange with all the bodily and hormonal changes that happen but it is a completely normal phase that every girl goes through. Mothers, elderly women and gynaecologists can provide the required help and support so there is no need to feel embarrassed about any of the changes.
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