- by Dr Sumbul Fatima
- 2 Shares
- Aug 17 2017
Period that doesn't stop
Endless periods can be a woman’s worst nightmare! Your best choice lies in consulting your gynecologist and getting examined.
Are you battling with periods that seem to last forever? Periods can be a variable thing for some women, even painful and tiresome. And if they last longer than the typical three to four days, you might be wondering what’s going on. So, take a little time to know about the probable reasons. It’ll help you nullify in on the cause, letting you recoup control of your cycle – and your life!
What is a normal menstrual cycle or flow?
While there is no general standard, a characteristic cycle runs for an average of twenty days.
The bleeding “period” lasts between three to five days. Some women have cycles as short as twenty one day or as long as thirty five days. Periods may last anywhere from two to seven days. All of these are believed within the “normal” range. If it sounds like your normal composition, there is no need to worry. But if you normally have a long cycle and it abruptly abbreviates, don’t disregard it. The same goes if your period is usually short and it suddenly lasts longer.
Causes of heavy or continuous flow
Menorrhagia or heavy menstrual bleeding is distinguished by a period that persists for more than seven days at a time. So, why are your periods abruptly heavy? There is most likely an underlying issue that’s making them last longer. Here are a few causes why your period won’t stop.
1. Intrauterine devices
Occasionally, an intrauterine device (IUD) can cause unusual heavy or continuous bleeding. If this is the situation, you may require having your gynecologist examine the device to see if it has moved or needs to be changed. Remember that heavy and extended bleeding is normal in the first three to six months after getting a copper IUD. And while periods may not be excessive with hormonal IUDs, they’re generally longer during the first three to six months. So, if you have just begun using either of these methods, you possibly don’t need to worry.
Uterine fibroids, or growths made of fibrous tissue and muscle, can cause excessive bleeding during periods. The good news is that they are not cancerous. They also go away on their own, especially after menopause. However, observe if symptoms like long or constipation, heavy periods, and abdominal or lower back pain become uncontrollable. The fibroids may need to be surgically discarded or reduced with medication.
Polyps, or noncancerous developments on the endometrium- uterus lining or the cervix, can cause bleeding between your periods. They can also cause excessive menstrual bleeding. And since polyps have a five percent possibility of being cancerous or precancerous, you will probably need to have them eliminated.
4. Endometrial hyperplasia
If you have prolonged menstrual bleeding without big blood clots, it’s most possibly from endometrial hyperplasia. Women with the disorder have a thickened endometrium. This is thicker than the normal buildup of tissue before and after a normal period. When your estrogen levels are higher than your progesterone levels, you basically don’t ovulate. As an outcome, the body doesn’t get the message to stop growing the uterine lining, causing the thickness observed in hyperplasia.
Hyperplasia can be due to the below mentioned:
The external consumption of hormones could derange the balance of estrogen and progesterone, leading to hyperplasia, especially if estrogen is taken unaccompanied by progesterone.
Merely being perimenopausal can cause hyperplasia, as ovulation doesn’t occur habitually anymore.
Irregular periods can be caused due to polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Being obese is another cause. After all, the surplus estrogen is reserved in fatty tissue. So if you’re carrying extra fat, that’s a k place for estrogen to establish.
5. Birth Control Pills
You may run the risk of developing adenomyosis, if you use the pill. This is a disorder where the endometrial glands begin to grow into the uterine muscle. It results in heavy periods, leading similar symptoms to that of fibroids. Illogically, for some women, birth control pills may literally aid as they reqularize cycles.
6. Bleeding or platelet function disorders
If you have a platelet function disorder or have von Willebrand disease (VWD), you may find that bleeding continues much longer than it should. Women with the disorder have unusual or excessive bleeding during their period and after delivery.
In some instances, cancer could be the cause of abnormal bleeding. For example, endometrial cancer is inclined to lash women after menopause, but it can also develop in younger women. So, it doesn’t pain to have a check-up just in case. Cervical, ovarian or uterine cancer can also cause heavy bleeding.
Some anticoagulants and anti-inflammatory medications can make bleeding excessive.
9. Childbirth or a miscarriage
If you just had a baby, it’s absolutely normal to have heavy or continues bleeding lasting anywhere from two to six weeks. For bleeding associated with childbirth, the blood is bright red at first. It may have tiny clots of blood. With time, the color turns pink and watery.
Miscarriages can also result in bleeding. This is distinguished by blood that is bright red or brown together with pinkish white mucus and tissue with clots. There’s also back pain that is much adverse than a usual period cramp. Many women have shared that it’s possible to have bleeding a couple of weeks after a miscarriage, much like an extended or 2nd period.
10. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
PCOS can also lead to excessive or extended periods and stimulate endometrial hyperplasia. For some women, losing weight, exercising, eating healthy, or taking the pill can help normalize periods as well.
11. Other disorders
If you have pelvic inflammatory disorder, diabetes, thyroid disorders, or cirrhosis, you might have menstrual issues and excessive bleeding. To know if one of these issues is responsible, you will need to check for symptoms and get tested.
How frequently does this happen?
If you generally experience heavy or extended bleeding during your period, you may have a bleeding or platelet disorder. But if it continues it could be any of the mentioned disorders.
If you’re trying to treat your menstrual issue, determine the other disorders first. Look for symptoms of these disorders and seek a doctor. This way, you can be tested if you doubt something like diabetes or an underactive thyroid. Once you get treatment for these disorders, your periods should go back to normal.
When should you visit a gynecologist?
If you have bleeding for more than seven days or if your period is abruptly extended, you may need to discuss with your doctor.
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