- by Dr Guruprakash V K
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- Jun 22 2017
Pediatrics-More than runny noses
The branch of medicine that is concerned with the health and medical supervision of infants, children, and adolescents from childbirth up to the age of eighteen is known as Pediatrics. The word “pediatrics” means “healer of children”; they are obtained from 2 Greek words: (pais = child) and (iatros = doctor or healer). Pediatrics is a fairly new medical specialty, evolved only in the mid-19th century. Abraham Jacobi (1830–1919) is known as the father of pediatrics.
Role of a pediatrician?
A pediatrician is a child's physician who imparts not only medical care for children who are chronically or acutely ill but also preventive health facilities for healthy children. A pediatrician administers emotional, physical and mental and well-being of the children under their care at every phase of development, in both illness and health.
Aim of pediatrics
The aims of the study of pediatrics is to diminish infant and child rate of deaths, restrain the spread of infectious disease, encourage healthy lifestyles for a long disease-free life and help compose the issues of children and adolescents with chronic disorders.
Pediatricians identify and treat various conditions among children including:-
Organ disorders and dysfunctions
Genetic and congenital conditions
Pediatrics is apprehensive not only about instant supervision of the ill child but also long term results on quality of life, disorder and survival. Pediatricians are involved with the nullification, early diagnosis, and management of disorders including:-
Developmental delays and disorders
Association with other specialists
Mental disorders involving anxiety disorders and depression
Pediatrics is a conjunct specialty. Tt assist children with issues, pediatricians need to work closely with other medical professionals and healthcare experts and subspecialists of pediatrics.
How is pediatrics different from adult medicine?
Pediatrics is distinct from adult medicine in many ways than one. The smaller body of neonate or an infant or a child is significantly discrete physiologically from that of an adult. So treating children is not like handling a small adult.
Congenital imperfections, genetic incompatibility, and developmental problems are of greater worry to pediatricians than physicians treating adults. In addition, there are various legal difficulties in pediatrics. Children are minors and, in most authority, cannot make conclusions for themselves. The issues of custody, privacy, legal authority and informed agreement should be reviewed in every pediatric approach.
A pediatrician is a qualified from a medical school first. He or she being a foremost care pediatrician then completes 3 years of education in a licensed pediatric residency schedule. They learn about caring for adolescent, infant, child, and young adults during this phase.
Following the pediatric residency, the pediatrician is qualified for board certification by the respective of Pediatrics with affluent completion of an inclusive written examination.
Sub-specialties in pediatrics include:
Critical care medicine
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